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Posted 10/19/2023 in Car Accident by Justin Lovely

Determining Liability in Multi-Vehicle Car Accidents


Determining Liability in Multi-Vehicle Car Accidents

Car accidents in Myrtle Beach are undeniably terrifying experiences that can have profound, life-altering consequences. The sheer intensity of such collisions can swiftly turn a peaceful coastal drive into a chaotic and traumatic event. 


Amidst the chaos and fear, a looming question that weighs heavily on everyone's mind is, "Who is responsible?" This concern pertains not only to the immediate physical and emotional aftermath but also extends to the financial and legal aspects of the situation. 


In such trying times, reaching out to a Myrtle Beach car accident lawyer emerges as the most prudent course of action. These legal professionals can untangle the complex web of liability, which is essential for safeguarding your chances at fair compensation. However, understanding how liability is determined in the aftermath of a car accident becomes pivotal in ensuring that justice prevails and that those responsible are held accountable for their actions.


Leading Causes Of Car Accidents Typically Point To Fault

Liability in Myrtle Beach car accidents is often partially determined by closely examining the root cause of the incident. This comprehensive analysis aids not only law enforcement and the courts but also the victims themselves in understanding the factors that contributed to the accident, ultimately assisting in the fair determination of responsibility and accountability.


Car accidents can be life-altering events, and determining liability is essential in seeking justice and compensation for victims. In Myrtle Beach, several common causes of car accidents can lead to liability falling on different parties. Let's take a closer look at these causes and who may be at fault:


  • Drunk Driving - When a drunk driver causes a car accident that injures or kills another person, the driver is personally liable. Social host laws make adults responsible for serving alcohol to minors, and dram shop laws hold businesses accountable for over-serving patrons who later cause injury. Expert investigators work with attorneys to hold all responsible parties accountable.

  • Distracted Driving - Distracted drivers who fail to pay full attention to the road are a major cause of accidents in Myrtle Beach. Drivers can be held liable, especially those who engage in activities such as:

    • Texting

    • Talking on cell phones

    • Playing with the radio

    • Eating or drinking

    • Reading

    • Using visual GPS systems

    • Talking to passengers 

  • Automobile Defects - Manufacturers have a duty to ensure their products are safe for drivers. If a defect like faulty brakes or engine failure leads to an accident, manufacturers, car distributors, and others involved in making or selling the vehicle can be held liable.

  • Reckless Driving - Reckless driving endangers the safety of others and goes beyond negligent behavior. Gross misconduct on the road can result in a claim for punitive damages against the reckless driver. Gross misconduct can include: 

    • Excessive speeding

    • Constant lane shifting

    • Running red lights

    • Stop signs

    • Tailgating


In Myrtle Beach, car accidents can stem from a variety of causes, and determining liability is crucial to ensure that victims receive the compensation they deserve. Whether it's drunk driving, distracted driving, automobile defects, or reckless driving, understanding the cause is the first step in holding the responsible parties accountable for their actions.


Liability in multi-vehicle car accidents is determined using a similar framework as in single-vehicle accidents, but with a significant distinction—multiple parties can be found at fault. Just as in single-vehicle accidents, factors such as driver behavior, road conditions, and vehicle defects are taken into account to ascertain responsibility. However, in multi-vehicle collisions, the complexity lies in analyzing the series of events that led to the accident and assessing the degree of fault for each involved party. It is not uncommon for several drivers in a multi-vehicle accident to share varying degrees of responsibility based on their actions leading up to the collision. Therefore, while the principles of liability determination remain consistent, the process can become more intricate when multiple individuals or vehicles are involved.


Who’s Usually At Fault In A Rear-End Collision?

Determining fault in a South Carolina rear-end collision involves a nuanced assessment that takes several factors into account. While it's a common assumption that the driver in the rear is automatically at fault, this isn't always the case. Generally, the trailing motorist is indeed more likely to be found at fault; however, other elements can contribute to rear-end collisions.


Factors that can lead to rear-end collisions include: 

  • Speeding

  • Distracted driving

  • Failure to yield

  • Disregarding traffic signs and signals

  • Aggressive driving

  • Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol

  • Tailgating


Additionally, mechanical failures in a vehicle, such as brake or tire issues, can play a role in these accidents. Even responsible and attentive drivers may struggle to avoid a collision when faced with sudden mechanical failures.


Ultimately, liability for a rear-end collision hinges on a combination of the driver's actions and the condition of the vehicle. External factors like adverse weather, visibility, road conditions, and more also need to be considered. As a general rule, drivers who follow too closely, engage in reckless behavior, or fail to adapt to challenging conditions can be held responsible for accidents caused by their actions. This applies even when external factors, such as reduced visibility due to snow, contribute to the crash. Drivers are expected to exercise caution, adjust their speed, and maintain a safe following distance, regardless of the prevailing circumstances. 


Furthermore, if a mechanical failure leads to a rear-end collision and the responsible driver neglected their vehicle maintenance or repairs, they can be held liable. In such cases, manufacturers of defective parts, negligent mechanics, or service centers may also share liability for the accident.


Comparative Negligence Helps Determine Fault In South Carolina Car Accidents

In South Carolina, determining liability in car accidents involves a legal concept known as "comparative negligence." This concept is crucial when it comes to personal injury claims arising from car accidents, especially in cases involving multiple vehicles, where more than one driver may be deemed responsible for the incident. Understanding how this system works is essential because it can directly impact the potential compensation you receive, depending on your level of contribution to the accident.


South Carolina follows a modified comparative negligence rule for personal injury cases. Under this rule, the compensation awarded to an injured plaintiff is reduced in proportion to their percentage of fault in the accident. To illustrate this, consider a two-car collision scenario: if the defendant is found to be 70% at fault, and the jury determines that the plaintiff bears 30% of the responsibility, a $100,000 award would be reduced to $70,000. This means that even if the plaintiff is partially to blame (up to 50%), they can still receive compensation. However, once their contribution surpasses 50%, they are barred from any recovery. 


This rule also applies when multiple parties share the blame for an accident. If a jury does not attribute more than 50% of the fault to any single party, an injured plaintiff can still seek compensation as long as their contribution to the accident is less than the combined fault of the other drivers involved. In essence, South Carolina's comparative negligence rule aims to distribute responsibility fairly among all parties involved in a car accident, ensuring that each party is held accountable based on their respective degree of fault.


Is The Registered Owner Of A Car Liable For An Accident In South Carolina?

In South Carolina, a vehicle owner can potentially be found negligent if they let someone else drive their car and that individual causes an accident, but this hinges on specific factors governed by the Negligent Entrustment statute. To establish liability on the part of the vehicle owner, several conditions must be met. 


  1. Firstly, it must be shown that the entrusted driver was either incompetent, inexperienced, impaired, or reckless. 

  2. Secondly, the owner of the vehicle must have had knowledge or reason to know about the driver's condition or history. 

  3. Thirdly, the vehicle owner must have allowed the driver to borrow the car, and this act of lending the vehicle must have created a foreseeable risk of harm to others. 

  4. Finally, the injuries and damages must be directly caused by the negligent actions of the entrusted driver, and by extension, the vehicle owner.


If a vehicle owner knowingly lends their car to an individual with a history of reckless driving or a suspended license due to DUI or other charges, and that individual subsequently causes an accident, the vehicle owner may be held liable under the Negligent Entrustment statute.


 While proving Negligent Entrustment can be legally complex, experienced South Carolina car accident attorneys can effectively uncover the facts of such cases. Therefore, vehicle owners must exercise caution when allowing others to use their vehicles, especially if there is reason to believe that the borrower poses a risk to others on the road.

How A Myrtle Beach Car Accident Lawyer Can Help 

A Myrtle Beach car accident lawyer plays a crucial role in helping car accident victims determine liability following a collision. These skilled attorneys leverage their expertise in personal injury and traffic law to meticulously investigate the circumstances surrounding the accident. They work diligently to gather evidence, interview witnesses, analyze police reports, and consult with accident reconstruction experts if necessary. 


By delving into the details of the case, a car accident lawyer can establish a clear understanding of who is at fault. This determination is pivotal in securing the compensation and justice that victims deserve, whether it involves negotiating with insurance companies, pursuing a settlement, or representing the victim's interests in court. With their legal knowledge and experience, these lawyers are invaluable advocates who ensure that victims have the best possible chance of identifying and holding responsible parties accountable for the injuries and losses they've suffered in the aftermath of a car accident in Myrtle Beach.


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Justin Lovely

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